Diabetes is a medical condition where the presence of sugar in blood exceeds beyond permissible levels.
The insulin hormones secreted by our pancreas counterbalance the rise in blood sugar, and help in utilizing the blood sugar for energy.
TYPES OF DIABETES
As mentioned above, our body uses insulin to convert blood sugar into energy. This makes us understand that there can be two conditions of Diabetes:
Type-I: When there is no insulin production in the body. In such case, insulin is taken externally by injections.
Type-II: Also commonly known as Diabetes mellitus, this condition occurs when insulin is either less produced, or is not absorbed properly by the body. In either case, the body absorbs less insulin required to keep the rising blood sugar in control.
TYPE 2 DIABETES DIET- FOODS TO CONSUME OR AVOID IN DIABETES
-Avoid sugar. Don’t consume white sugar, jelly, honey, jam, ice cream, pastries.
-Avoid fried foods. Try baking or boil foods instead of fried ones.
-Limit sodium intake. Avoid soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, and brine.
-Limit consumption of butter, cream cheese, margarine and cottage cheese.
-Salad is healthy, bit avoid dressing with mustard, mayonnaise and avocado.
-Eat Beans. Most beans (white, black, kidney, soy etc) contain carbohydrates, lean protein, soluble fiber, and are almost fat-free.
-Eat Oatmeal. Eat oatmeal and other fibrous food made from whole wheat.
-Avoid rice and potatoes: These contain plenty of carbohydrates, and hence it can aggravate condition of type-2 diabetes.
-Non-vegetarian foods: For those who consume non-vegetarian food, chicken is a great option for those on a diabetic diet. Seafood is also very good as they do not contribute to rise in blood sugar levels. Red meat should be taken with precaution.
-Fruits and vegetables: Avoid fruits that have high sugar content and are sweet, such as banana, grapes and strawberries. Safer fruits include – some types of non-sweet berries, guava etc.
-Other: beverages like tea and coffee can be taken, but should be without sugar, and strictly regulated in diabetes.